Política de Direitos Humanos
Liberdade, justiça e dignidade humana são exemplos de direitos humanos; direitos fundamentais que são válidos mundialmente. As Nações Unidas, a União Europeia e o Conselho da Europa são responsáveis pela política da defesa dos direitos humanos. Temas importantes na política neerlandesa de direitos humanos são a abolição da pena de morte, a proibição absoluta da tortura, a defesa dos direitos das mulheres e das crianças,a liberdade de expressão e a prevenção da discriminação. O Ministro dos Negócios Estrangeiros neerlandês, Frans Timmermans, elaborou recentemente uma nova carta sobre os Direitos Humanos.
Transcript of MR-brief in English
Why human rights? Human rights are an essential part of foreign policy.
Dutch citizens care about human rights.
We need to be committed to human rights.
Human rights, democracy and the rule of law are interconnected Innovation is essential In 2013... Innovation neccessary Triangular cooperation Approach countries together.
Cooperate more with non-Western partners Innovation through the internet Integrated cooperation With corporations, ngo's and media personalities.
Civil and Political Rights Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Practice what you preach Human rights abroad at home A strong European partnership The EU can make itself heard more easily than the Netherlands on its own With regard to everyone's rights Human Rights policy 2013 Protection of human rights defenders.
Equal rights for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender persons (LGBT).
Equal rights for women Human rights defenders Shelter City.
The Hague Extension of Shelter City program to 10 human rights defenders international convention for human rights defenders Equal rights for LGBT Examples of embassy activities Equal rights for women Focus on leadership and political participation of women.
Prevent violence against women.
Most serious human rights violations.
Freedom of speech and internet freedom.
Freedom of religion or belief.
Human rights and development.
Business and human rights European Union
Council of Europe
European Court of Human Rights
Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe
Regional organisations (e.g. African Union)
Human Rights Fund
Human rights ambassador
Embassies Human Rights Fund Mexico Senegal Japan Source: Trouw The Netherlands is one of the frontrunners when it comes to anti-discrimination and LGBT rights.
'New frontier' topic in many countries.
Death penalty on LGBT in at least 5 countries Easier to bring human rights violations to attention.
Using the internet as an instrument Prioritities in Dutch human rights policy Supporting individuals that, often by risking their own lives, stick up for and protect human rights.
Only with pressure from within society real change can be achieved For and by human rights defenders.
To give them more voice in international bodies and in their home countries Why these priorities? Movie and debate We keep doing what we're good at: Policy implementation Fora and instruments Embassies Regular contact and political dialogue.
Working together with EU- and other countries.
Gathering information on the local situation.
Contact with human rights defenders and international organisations.
Supporting (local) projects.
Public diplomay: visibility Human rights ambassador Journeys planned in 2013: and Passing on those values that are important in the Netherlands.
These themes are a 'new frontier' - there's much that still needs to be done.
We have the expertise and experience to make a difference.
Setting priorities fits in with the idea of an international division of
labour ...and in Europe Opening Purple Parade Kick-off Tokyo Rainbow Week
source: ipsnews.net Tunis
London and Promoting women's rights A Dutch diplomate congratulates an Afghan police officer on finishing her training, Kunduz Ban Ki-moon, Ricky Martin and Yvonne Chaka-Chaka, at an LGBT event in New York The Netherlands Institute for Human Rights Town Hall meeting on human rights policy in Maastricht, NL The online human rights consultation at Debategraph.org http://www.mensenrechtenwereldwijd.nl E.g.: furthering the rule of law in Europe, together with Germany and Finland Human rights ambassador Lionel Veer together with Chen Guangcheng LGBT event in Cuba E.g. in the Freedom Online Coalition The Dutch division of Amnesty International has 280.000 members and as such is the largest in the world E.g. LGBT rights initiative with Brazil and Cuba Team up with countries from all over the world Both during policy making processes... ...policy communication... ... as well as policy implementation StoryMaker app, developed by Free Press Unlimited Dialogue between Prime Minister Rutte and President Putin "The Netherlands Institute for Human Rights explains, monitors and protects human rights, promotes respect for human rights (including equal treatment) in practice, policy and legislation, and increases the awareness of human rights in the Netherlands." http://www.mensenrechten.nl/ The Netherlands will organise an Meetings occasionally are held behind closed doors in order to ensure the safety of the participants with Boris Dittrich An example of an activity in Kuwait, co-organised by the Dutch embassy The 47 countries that are included in the Human Rights Fund (MRF).
Other funds are available Appointed specifically to promote human rights An example of public diplomacy The Dutch embassy in Brasilia raises the rainbowflag next to the Dutch one in solidarity with LGBT on the International Day against Homophobia (IDAHO) A long tradition of human rights policy Minister Timmermans with the UN High Commissioner on Human Rights Pillay The numbers € 33,8 mln - Human Rights Fund.
€ 5,0 mln - International Labour Organization
€ 7,5 mln - Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights
€ 14,0 mln - Radio Netherlands Worldwide The Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Dutch human rights policy letter of 1979 "(…) In a world of great mutual interdependence and complex structures,
like preserving peace and security, promoting the international legal order, protecting human rights, defusing dangerous regional tensions and combating social and economic injustice.’"
Max van der Stoel
Former minister of Foreign Affairs (1973-1977, 1981-1982) Every 2 years the Netherlands and France introduce a resolution on violence against women at the UN General Assembly Universal Periodic Review of the Kingdom of the Netherlands - Kingdom finalised second UPR cycle in September 2012;
- NL strong supporter of UPR mechanism: universal nature, equal footing;
- Strive to contribute to every country review with questions and recommendations, and support system through funding to OHCHR and NGOs such as http://upr-info.org/ Second Cycle Review Way forward - Process led by Ministry of Interior and Kingdom Relations in close cooperation with Ministry of Foreign Affairs;
- Inclusive process of consultations with civil society;
- HR situation in all four countries of the Kingdom: The Netherlands, Aruba, Curacao and St Maarten;
- Positive attention for the establishment of the National Human Rights Institute and the Ombudsperson for Children;
- Challenges raised (123 recommendations received): ratification of HR treaties, racial/ethic discrimination, detention of alien juveniles, trafficking in persons, HR education. - Periodic monitoring of progress made with regard to recommendations received, in close cooperation with National Human Rights Institute, civil society and all governmental agencies involved;
- Concrete follow-up: ratification of UN convention on rights of persons with disabilities, national action plan for human rights;
- Interim UPR report to be sent halfway through third cycle (2014), on voluntary basis the defence of national interests cannot be separated from broader objectives.
Todos os cidadãos europeus podem dirigir-se ao Tribunal Europeu dos Direitos Humanos para tratar de assuntos que se relacionem com o seu não-cumprimento.